transcribed by G. Lamb, for the HRGS.



"It is my proposition that drawing and writing on walls was widely practised in Elizabethan and Jacobean England; that it was sanctioned there in ways that are foreign to ourselves, and troubling to the categories within which we recognize graffiti ..."



"Early modern English contains no term to denote graffiti writing - a fact suggesting not so much that the vice was unknown, but that the activity was not distinguished from other writing practices, and not yet considered a vice."



" the last 30 years a very wide range of drawings and inscriptions, both religious and secular, has been recovered and documented from the interior walls and pillars of England's churches, and provides incontrovertible evidence that graffiti writing was once sanctioned in ways foreign to ourselves."