Gloucester Journal - Monday 02 April 1798
Transcribed by G. Lamb, for the HRGS.
Abstract from the Orchardist,
Drawn up at the desire of the Board of Agriculture, 1796
The Orchards of the kingdom are a material branch of its agriculture; and it is expected the standard fruit-trees will soon by much improved, by the exertions of THOMAS SKIP DYOT BUCKNALL, Esq; who has been very assiduous in establishing the science of Orcharding, as patronized by teh Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, and published in the 11th, 12th, 13th, and 14th volumes of their valuable transactions, conformable to the practice introduced in Sittingbourne, in the county of Kent, in the year 1790.
In those books, no only what ought to be done, is fully pointed out, but many useful hints are give to GUARD the planters and fruit-growers against the usual effects of neglect and mistakes, both in the trees and their culture.
There are also observations on the suitable manures; and great stress is laid upon proper soil, position, and judicious SHELTER.
The Author's express wish, in each puclication, tends to make most trees in an orchard healthy, large, handsome, and productive.
The operation is properly called the System of Close Pruning and Medication; as the governing principles for establishment of health begin by cutting close, making the trees perfectly clean, and destroying the numerous in sects, vermin, and microscopic creatures that make such great havock on fruit-trees, by constantly eating and fretting the tender bark, which prevent the wounds from healing.
He maintains the baneful effects of canker may in part be prevented in teh delicate fruit-trees; as teh first cause of canker arises from an animalcule something like cochmeal fly, and which is effectually destroyed by the medication; and the medication will, in great measure, stop the oozing of the gum in several species of cherry, and other stone-fruits. Further he observes, insects are great depredators on the delicate blossoms and leaves in the Spring.
The Orchardist, by a little attention, for there is no mystery, may nearly guard against the respective evils affecting the trees; and the whole system is grounded up on the regular operations of nature in the productions of vegetation; the working, or laborious part, is expressed in so clear and concise a manner, that it can hardly be misunderstood; many of the thoughts are new, and the whole process well worthy of the attention of the respective fruit-growers. Do not look for perfection; it is sufficient to come near it.